LEED v4 ND – NEIGHBOURHOOD PATTERN & DESIGN

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Walkable Streets

To promote transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by providing safe, appealing, and comfortable street environments that encourage daily physical activity and avoid pedestrian injuries.

Compact Development

To conserve land. To promote livability, walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To leverage and support transit investments. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Connected and Open Community

To promote projects that have high levels of internal connectivity and are well connected to the community. To encourage development within existing communities that promote transportation efficiency through multimodal transportation. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Compact Development

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote livability, walkability, and transportation efficiency, and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Mixed-Use Neighbourhood Centres

To reduce vehicle distance traveled and automobile dependence, encourage daily walking, biking, and transit use, and support car-free living by providing access to diverse land uses.

Housing Types and Affordability

To promote socially equitable and engaging neighborhoods by enabling residents from a wide range of economic levels, household sizes, and age groups to live in a community.

Reduced Parking Footprint

To minimize the environmental harms associated with parking facilities, including automobile dependence, land consumption, and rainwater runoff.

Connected and Open Community

To conserve land and promote multimodal transportation by encouraging development within existing communities that have high levels of internal connectivity and are well connected to the larger community. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity and reducing motor vehicle emissions.

Transit Facilities

To encourage transit use and reduce vehicle distance traveled by providing safe, convenient, and comfortable transit waiting areas.

Transportation Demand Management

To reduce energy consumption, pollution, and harm to human health from motor vehicles by encouraging multimodal travel.

Access to Civic and Public Spaces

To provide open space close to work and home that enhances community participation and improves public health.

Access to Recreation Facilities

To enhance community participation and improve public health by providing recreational facilities close to work and home that facilitate physical activity and social networking.

Visitability and Universal Design

To increase the proportion of areas usable by a wide spectrum of people, regardless of age or ability.

Community Outreach and Involvement

To encourage responsiveness to community needs by involving the people who live or work in the community in project design and planning and in decisions about how the project should be improved or changed over time.

Local Food Production

To promote the environmental and economic benefits of community-based food production and improve nutrition through better access to fresh produce.

Tree-Lined and Shaded Streets

To encourage walking and bicycling and discourage speeding. To reduce urban heat island effects, improve air quality, increase evapotranspiration, and reduce cooling loads in buildings.

Neighbourhood Schools

To promote community interaction and engagement by integrating schools into the neighborhood. To improve students’ health by encouraging walking and bicycling to school.